Columba oenas features
Columba oenas neck blue gray, with grape or lavender. Cheek, ear coverts, eye, chin and throat dove grey. The nape of the neck and warm blue grey, with green and slightly purple gloss, neck sides of green and purple red gloss is obvious. Back, shoulder and blue gray, lower back and two wings inside Fuyu and flight for the James Brown and dark gray; wing coverts grey, having two incomplete shading. Feather, primary coverts and alula pale brown. The waist and upper tail coverts pale grey. Rhyme grey dark, with broad black terminal spots. Thoracic dove grey, with pale purple or pink grape. The abdomen and under tail coverts grey. Under tail coverts more dark. Axillary feathers and wing coverts white. Flange grey.
Size measurement: the body weight of male female 300 grams, 300 grams, body length 280 ~ 325 mm, mouth 15 ~ 19 mm, winged 196 ~ 230 mm, 24 mm to 25 mm of tarsometatarsal.
Often in groups of activity and habitat. The non breeding period to open field activity and foraging. Rapid flight, two wing incitement to fast, often can hear the sound vibration wings. Mainly in plant shoots, twigs, leaves, fruits and seeds for food. Also eat small invertebrates and grain. Often forage in the canopy and ground.
(Note: Columba oenas atlas photograph)
European dove inhabits mountain forests, especially like a tree and deciduous broad-leaved forest and mixed forest.
European pigeon breeding period is from 4 to July. Often on nesting breeding. Primitive forest margin usually nest in a withered old oak. Covert nests in tree holes, rock shelters. Sometimes in the house or stone gap abandoned in the nest. Nest very humble. The inner pad has a little leaves, twigs. The number of eggs per Nest 2 pieces, eggs are white in color. Egg size was 34 ~ 4O * 26 ~ 29 mm. Male and female take turns incubating. The incubation period of 16 days.
Columba oenas Xinjiang subspecies (Latin: Columba oenas yarkandensis subsp.).
Included in the Chinese State Forestry Administration Released August 1, 2000 " The national protected list useful or important for economic and scientific research, terrestrial wild animal ".
Included in the " The World Conservation Union "(IUCN) the 2012 red list of threatened species Ver3.1 -- without risk (LC).
Distribution map of pigeon Europe
Albania, Algeria, Andorra, Armenia, Austria, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, China, Czech Republic, Denmark, Egypt, Estonia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, greece, Hungary , The Islamic Republic of Iran , Iraq , Ireland Italy, Israel, Jordan , Kazakhstan Lithuania, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Luxemburg, Yugoslavia, Macedonia, Republic of macedonia, Malta Moldova, Montenegro, Morocco, Norway, Holland,, Palestinian territory, occupied Poland, Portugal Romania, Serbia, Slovakia, the Russian Federation, Slovenia , Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Arabia, the Republic of Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, the UK, Uzbekistan.