The growth pole theory
The growth pole of conduction
Economic Structure And Layout . Then the French economist Boodai Weil (j.b.boudeville) will be the growth pole theory is introduced into the The theory of regional economy In the following, American Economist Freedman (john. frishman), Sweden Economist Myrdal (Gunnar Myrdal), American Economist Hirshman (a.o.hischman) respectively in different degree, and further enriched and developed this theory, development of the regional growth pole theory has become a popular view in the work of regional development.
Growth pole concept was originally developed by the French economist Francois Pelu (Francois Perroux) out, he thinks, if happen Dominance effect As the economic space Force field So, in the field of force to promote Unit It can be described as a growth pole. Growth pole around the promotion of The leading industrial sectors While the organization of dynamic height with a group Industry , it can not only increase rapidly, but also by The multiplier effect Other departments to promote growth. Therefore, growth does not occur in all places, but with different strength first appeared in some growth points, these growth points outward diffusion through different channels, resulting in different effects on the economy as a whole. He describes. Magnetic field The internal motion in the law of the strongest call this region pole, the polarization of economic development growth pole.
He first put forward a completely different from the Geography Spatial economic space. He advocated economic space is a digital space abstraction based, economic units not in Geography A location, but in Industry The mathematical relationship between, exists in the economic elements. Economic Relations . Secondly, he thought that the main driving force of economic development is the progress of technology and Innovation . Innovation Focused on the larger scale, faster growth, strong correlation with the effect of other sectors. Industry With these features, the industry called push industry peru. Push type Industry And is to promote the industry through economic ties established Non competitive The Commonwealth, through backward, forward Chain Effect of regional development, realize the balanced regional development. This push Industry As a function of growth pole, it to other industries (or area) has promoting effect. Third, the core growth pole theory is to promote the enterprise to promote enterprise Dominance effect . Control, refers to an enterprise and city, area, countries in the position and role in the environment.
Another economist Boodai Weil French think, economic space Economic variables In the Geography Using or on a space, growth pole with push Industry The complex in the town. Therefore, he defined: growth pole is configured in a city growing industrial complexes, and guide in the affected area Economic activity The further development of. Boudeville advocated, through "to plan the most efficient allocation of growth pole and through the industrial mechanism", to promote the Regional economic Development. America economist Gail In the study of various growth pole point of view, that influence the development of spatial re organization process is diffusion reflow process, positive growth if diffusion reflux process leads to absolute space influence the development level, that is diffusion effect, otherwise return effect.
There are three types. One is the Industry Growth pole, two is the city growth pole, three is the potential economic growth pole.
The positive factors and growth point means that can promote economic growth, including system Innovation Point, Open degree , Consumption hot spots Wait.
Economic growth pole Has the relativity and variability, China Regional economic development strategy After equilibrium (Twentieth Century 50-70 years) - Non equilibrium (80 time) - non balanced (90 years) of the dynamic process of development, imbalance of the typical developing country and regional economic development of the situation and the situation, decided we should use the theory of growth pole strategy of economic development non balanced regional basis.
The growth pole theory in Physics
The growth pole of content
"Pole" concept extension, consider Force field There are several centers or very economic space, produce a variety of similar to the "pole" effect Centrifugal force and centripetal force , each center of attraction and repulsion are produced a range of the cross "field". The growth poles can be department, also can be the area. The main idea of the theory is, regional economic development mainly depends on the conditions of minority area better and minority Industry Drive, should be a good location area and a few good industries into Economic growth pole . The basic point of the growth pole theory, including:
(1) the Geography Spatial performance in the city for a certain scale;
(2) there must be progressive The leading industrial sectors And industrial complex expanding;
(3) with diffusion and reflux effect.
The growth pole system has three levels: Leading industry Growth; industrial complex and growth; growth pole and growth The national economy Growth.
Under this theoretical framework, economic growth is considered to be a point, from the local to the whole thesis, an integrated system. Its material carrier or the form of various categories of towns, Industry , Department, new Industrial Park Economic Cooperation Zone, etc..
Growth is very big on regional economic growth effect, mainly in the:
Regional economy is due to engage in a Economic activity Some enterprises or close some Economic activity And are concentrated in the same location. For example, a Specialized A plurality of the production is concentrated in one area, can be cultured with the use of local skilled labor, strengthen technological exchanges between enterprises and share the investment in the development of new products, can form large Raw materials Purchased materials etc. Market demand And the production of products Market supply Thus, by
China economic growth pole
Economic activity, forming a virtuous cycle. The essence of regional economy is by Geography The position of the close and comprehensive Economic benefits .
Scale economy Is due to the increase of economic activities range obtained internal economy. Such as can improve the degree of division of labor, reduce the management cost, reduce the allocation of advertising and Non productive expenditure Share, make Marginal cost Reduce, thus obtained Labour productivity To improve the.
The external economy effect is an important cause of growth pole formation, but also the important results. Economic activities agglomerate in a region tend to make some manufacturers can not spend the cost or less cost to get some Products And services, so as to obtain the overall revenue increase.
(1) in an area of memory in a Innovation The ability of enterprises and groups Entrepreneurs Group, which is in fact Bear Pete Reflect on the theory of innovation, creative and Innovation Yuan is the driving force of economic development rather than a simple investment or consumption;
(2) must have Scale economy Effect. The development of a growing class area must have a considerable scale. Capital , Technology And talent Stock Through continuous expansion, investment Economies of scale , improve the technological level and economic efficiency, the formation of gauge
The condition of economic growth pole
Mode of economic;
(3) to have the appropriate economic and Talent Innovation The development of the external environment, it includes not only have the convenient traffic, good Infrastructure "Hard environment", even the government efficiency, the appropriate economic policy, to ensure fair competition in the market legal system and the introduction and cultivation of talents" The soft environment ".
The growth pole theory, many countries were used to solve the problem of regional development and planning problem is different, this is because it has other The theory of regional economy The advantages are incomparable:
(1) the growth pole theory on social development process more real. New classical economics Scholars believe Theory of isostasy The configuration space, consider economic factors can be achieved Pareto optimal In the short term, even if the deviation, the long term will return to the equilibrium position. He advocated the asymmetric dominance relationship, think the economy once the deviation from the initial equilibrium, will continue along this direction, unless there are external forces to promote the anti direction will be back to the equilibrium position. This is consistent with the reality of the existence of regional differences.
(2) the growth pole concept very seriously Innovation And promote the important role of enterprises, encourage Technological innovation , comply with the dynamic trend of social progress.
(3) the growth pole in concept form is simple and clear, easy
The role of economic growth pole
Understanding, very attractive to policy makers. At the same time, the growth pole theory put forward some effective policies and easy to operate, easy to accept that policy makers. For example, he believes that modern market full of monopoly and imperfect, unable to realize to promote enterprise's rational choice and environmental management problems, therefore, government should put forward some promoting enterprise Subsidies And planning.
Practice shows that in many countries, the growth pole theory, regional development policy guidance did not cause the growth pole Hinterland The rapid growth, but expanded and developed the gap between regions, especially The gap between urban and rural areas Since the 70's, so the validity of the theory of growth pole is suspect, investigate its reason, the main defects of the growth pole theory has:
1.The polarization effect of growth pole.Growth pole Leading industries And promote the development of industry, has relative advantage, attractive and centripetal force, the area around the labor, capital, technology and other factors and transferred to the core area, deprived of the opportunity of the surrounding area, the gap of economic development area around the core area is enlarged, which is the growth pole of the negative effects of the surrounding area.
2.Diffusion polarization time period before too long.Diffusion is the reverse process of polarization effect, both the size of the force is equal to. Myrdal felt that the market force is usually tend to expand rather than narrow the differences between regions, in the growth process, if the state intervention to strengthen not, reflux effect (i.e. The polarization effect ) is always larger than the diffusion effect. But Hirshman thinks, cumulative growth will not infinite on, in the long run, Geography On the Trickle down effect (i.e. diffusion effect) will be enough to narrow the regional gap. In 1979, Busser in his paper "growth pole: they are dead", the diffusion effect and backwash effect changes over time and the view. No matter what kind of views, the growth pole of the diffusion effect can not be denied, diffusion polarization stage before long also admit of no doubt. However, to spend the long time, the backward areas people will continue to suffer from poverty, political instability may increase. The government officials about achievement, not to see the obvious effect of the policy in the short term, but also to some extent the implementation of the policy to hinder growth pole.
3.Push Industry The nature of the growth pole cannot bring a lot of jobs.Push Industry Is the same Leading industries Work closely with the Emerging industries , has strong technical innovation ability, which belongs to the rapidly growing type of enterprise, and has larger scale. To promote the property industry determines the growth pole of a general Modern industry As the goal, technical equipment and management method is more advanced, thus fostering growth pole can't solve the closure of many, but also easy to form" Enclave "The growth pole.
4.New development brings certain difficulty to investment.As has been discussed from the angle of government policy implementation difficulty of growth pole, Investors Point of view, the growth pole in cities and towns, and often do not have Built-up area These local traffic inconvenience, general, Service facilities The relatively poor, investors are often reluctant to this new area of investment, and the construction of infrastructure in need of the government's investment, if the government does not take a positive attitude, difficult to implement growth pole of great policy.
5.The growth pole theory is a regional development policy a "top-down", it simply rely on external (outside Capital And the local natural resources), may cause the fragile The national economy . In the coexistence of globalization and localization The world economy , seek the endogenous regional development (endogenous regional development), based on knowledge and technology to become the regional development strategy more by many national governments.
Economic growth pole As a regional Economic development The new economic force, it's not only the formation of strong Scale economy For the rest of the economy, also has a Dominance effect , The multiplier effect And the effects of polarization and diffusion. The effects of the three generation, fully demonstrated Economic growth pole The significance of.
He thinks, "" a unit applied to another unit or part irreversible irreversible, is" Dominance effect ". In the realistic economic development, economic unit between the mutual impact of uneven and produce an asymmetrical relationship, some economic units are in the dominant position, and some other economic units are in a subordinate position. In general, the growth pole of drive units have different degree of Dominance effect , can with other economic units of the commodity supply and demand relations and The factors of production The mutual flow control effect on these economic units. This is what we often say that the pulling effect.
This effect is mainly refers to the growth pole of promotion Industry And other industrial relation, some prior to contact, some backward linkages, some lateral contact. These links is the role of the growth pole of economy,
Effect of growth pole
The power to make up the other related industries, resulting in employment, production and Economic benefits , showed an increase of the number of The multiplier effect . The effect of growth pole can effectively change a regional industrial foundation is poor, economic stock and less situation.
(1) the polarization effect. Also known as Echo effect , refers to the rapid growth of Industry Attract and pull the other Economic activity The increasing process, growth pole. In this process, first appeared Economic activity Polarization and economic factors, and then form Geography The polarization, thereby obtaining various agglomeration economy, i.e. Scale economy . Scale economy In turn, further enhance the polarization effect of growth pole, so as to accelerate its growth rate and expand the attracting scope. He thinks, the polarization effect led to a variety of The factors of production Back to the growth pole and aggregation; i.e. developed areas more and more developed, less developed areas more and more backward, economic imbalance has become increasingly prominent, and even the formation of a National Geographic. Two yuan in economic Our.
(2) the diffusion effect. The diffusion effect refers to the growth pole of the driving force through a series of linkage mechanism to process around the divergence. The diffusion results, is to increase the income of the surrounding area have a greater form Multiplier Effect. The diffusion effect to various The factors of production From the growth pole to the surrounding underdeveloped area of diffusion, namely through the establishment of the growth pole driven around the backward Regional economic The rapid development, and gradually narrow the gap with advanced areas. In the initial stage of development, The polarization effect Is the main, when growth pole development to a certain extent, polarization effects weaken, strengthen the diffusion effect. Growth pole effect is the complex of a variety of effects, such as the upstream and downstream effects, Agglomeration effect And mutually beneficial effect.
If the growth pole of the diffusion effect is greater than Echo effect , will drive the surrounding area economic development. However, due to the accumulation of the relationship of cause and effect, Echo effect Is often greater than the diffusion effect, leading to the growth pole area is more and more developed, the surrounding area more and more backward, form Geography Two yuan of economic space, make Regional economic Gap, and even the formation of independent of the surrounding area "enclave". Specific performance in the following areas:
A. growth pole development causes the peripheral area Capital Difficulties in raising. Growth very good investment environment and favorable investment profit and the needs of the growing market, these factors to attract banks and other financial institutions would be economically backward areas of savings into the economy developed area investment; while the periphery area as the economic foundation and backward The rate of return on investment Low, Capital Outflow, resulting in Accumulation of capital Gradually reduced, capital shortage and exhausted, any modern Industry It is hard to start.
B. the growth pole of economic development to the peripheral area of the lack of talent, economic development has been greatly restricted. Growth in jobs, wages, working conditions, personal diversification demand satisfied degree, their children to school employment has many advantages, these advantages to attract a backward periphery area workers and professionals through various channels have to there, results in enhanced growth pole Development ability At the same time, it caused a great negative impact on the surrounding area.
C. growth pole development causes the peripheral area Trade Deterioration. Due to geographical proximity, growth pole and the periphery region is bound to occur Trade Activities, the former to the output Industrial products , Capital goods Mainly, and from the latter input Primary products The latter; to primary production and export. Primary Products The price is low and unstable, and the lack of Elasticity of demand Therefore, Competition The situation and conditions of the transaction to the former and not conducive to the latter. In short, growth pole The polarization effect With the development of peripheral area is often sacrificed for the price.
Modern Regional economic In the study, the growth pole theory is widely used as a regional development theory, the growth pole of specific explanation has many differences. Some people think that the growth pole is advancing Industry And Related industries Spatial agglomeration; others think growth pole is a drive around Regional economic growth The City Center , and the growth in the city center, which features
Application of growth pole
Is in a period of time than other regional growth higher employment rate, through the diffusion effect related industries surrounding hinterland growth spatial agglomeration etc.. Integrated Regional economic The growth pole by experts defined as: by promoting Industry And the formation and the related industrial agglomeration Economic center , it has strong Innovation And the capacity for growth, development and through the diffusion effect to its development drives other industries and the surrounding hinterland. Regional growth pole has the following features: the Industry Development, growth pole and the surrounding area by spatial relations and regional development organization core; in the space, the spatial relationship between growth pole and the surrounding area and become the dominant Economic activity The spatial distribution and combination of center of gravity; in the form, growth pole is the area Key city . It can be said that the current interpretation of the regional growth pole are boudeville growth pole point of view, all penetrate such a thought, that is not due to regional scale, growth pole size also have grades, the corresponding relationship between polarized space and city center concept of hierarchy: a polarization region is a heterogeneous space, in which different parts depend on each other, complement each other, they dominated the city center or the goods and and in the region. Service trade Over and around the region's trade.
Although Perroux's growth pole theory and the regional growth now say is out, but the idea is applied to regional development also has certain rationality. The growth pole theory. Economic Relations Is based on the abstract economic space Structure In any war, but also inevitably depends on certain natural entity, can not be said that the growth pole theory is designed for regional development, can think, the growth pole theory thought is the guiding ideology of regional development. From a practical point of view, the growth pole theory is established on the basis of the non balanced development. It is applied to the The development of regional economy The core is due to some Leading industries Or Innovation The clustering ability of large enterprises in the core region or city, lead Capital With the technology of highly concentrated, easy to form Scale economy And related The external economy Through its rapid growth, growth pole to generate strong diffusion on the adjacent areas, promote the common development of adjacent areas. The essence of this theory is a kind of regional Internal growth theory , emphasizing the formation and development of regional internal growth center itself, by giving priority to increasing the polar regions, the The development of regional economy .
From the growth pole theory background, the growth pole theory formation mainly aiming at Economic development A growth stage or The mature stage Region of. Perroux's growth pole formation and development of the premise is the market Effective demand The formation of effective demand, the market must be developed in Market economy Under the conditions of. Underdeveloped economy Market economy The development degree is low, the economic operation mechanism is not perfect, the backward area environmental conditions and Developed country There is a big difference, and backward area or depressed areas lack of general commodity market development ability and New products Development capabilities, in the fierce The market competition In the new enterprise cannot develop.
The growth pole theory, many countries were used to solve different problems in regional development and planning. 70 years later, the growth pole theory has been widely used in the development of underdeveloped economy and undeveloped regional economy, has become an important tool for guiding the economic development, many countries are trying to apply this theory to eliminate the backward areas of poverty, promoting regional economic Coordinated development . In some developed countries and underdeveloped areas have received certain effect. The more successful countries have Brazil And Malaysia .
(1) application in Brazil
In Brazil, it is in the period of economic development in southeast area, adopt a variety of incentives to stimulate the Amazon basin, backward economic growth. As to the capital from the prosperity of the Rio De Janeiro Move backward Brasilia , built through the Amazon highway system, encourage to the backward areas Immigration At the same time, pay attention to the backward areas, ability of self development, open up new Industrial area Preferential policies to attract foreign investment, use, develop the mainland Free Trade Zone Etc.. In government policy support, in the middle of the Amazon "Manaus free port" to become Brazil's largest, is also the world's largest The Special Economic Zone . It is as the Brazil central and western economic development and radiation center, effectively promote the economic development of the surrounding areas.
(2) application in Malaysia
Malaysia was one of the fastest growing economies in the world. Before the Asian financial crisis, Malaysia not only economic growth, but also domestic Economic stability , regional income distribution fair.
The successful experience of the country is to encourage the export industry, realize the Industrial upgrading Most of the new industry, high-tech industry, thereby improving in Malaysia The international division of labor In the position. At the same time, the government according to the conditions of unbalanced development strategy of moderate, neither damage developed area Economic interests , and so In less developed regions The economy can grow quickly. Malaysia Eastern backward, the more developed, so the country began to Perroux's growth pole points closer to the policy, as the Innovation To create monopolies, and encourages the growth in a certain period of time to concentrate on specific Industry And the specific area. But when Economic development To a certain level, Malaysia began to reduce to the prosperity of the region such as Selangor Population flow area, premise condition is not to damage the interests of economic vitality and prosperity of the region as the principle. But the government has not encouraged Private investment To the especially poverty area, but to encourage talent and capital transfer to medium developed area, such as the shift to more developed Parang area. Because these areas with infrastructure and good development potential, to bring its economic expansion is large enough to overcome the disadvantage of the developed area Echo effect . The government through the investment to the Parang area, for the establishment of The northwest area Growth pole to provide preferential policies to generate the diffusion effect. Area so that relatively poor, stagnant for the progressive development of the rich area, especially the government of high-tech electronics etc. Innovation Industry Support, has led many enterprises imitation and innovation, so that Parent and the surrounding area developed into a worldwide Electronic products Export base. At the same time, the Malaysia government to encourage the development of the country's poverty Small and medium-sized city .
Malaysia's economic development policy is based on the growth pole theory, policy in line with their own national conditions, can give full play to increase the spread effect, and strive to overcome the disadvantageous. Echo effect ; taking into account both the area development strategy, but also the development of backward areas, which solves the problem of income gap between the development gap between regions and regions.
The two countries successful experience shows that, the specific conditions shall be the growth pole theory and its combination. At the same time, the government needs to correct behavior, the government should take appropriate intervention policy, formulate a reasonable policy planning and development of underdeveloped areas, in order to promote backward areas and the economic development of the whole country.
But there are also some countries will be the growth pole theory as the basis of regional development strategy, hoping to achieve economic growth, but the result is not ideal. Such as France , Italy , Spain , Canada China has encountered this problem. Italy, Spain has reference to the theory of growth pole, the composition of several sizes of "Industrial Development Zone" and" Industrialization The core ", but because of the neglect of agriculture and the role of small and medium-sized enterprises, to promote enterprises and local private resources out of line, heavily dependent on foreign resources, can not effectively absorb local The labor And other reasons, failed to promote local economic growth. These growth pole is known as "embedded in the backward area enclave".
Although there are many is not feasible in practice Perroux's growth pole theory, but the idea is to Regional economic To provide some reference for the development of the. First of all, fostering growth pole should be the first to break the boundaries of the administrative division in the backward areas. If only consider the growth pole of a separatist state is bound to local economic development in the administrative region within a single, resulting in waste of resources, competition for resources between the local, so that resources can not realize optimal allocation. The formation of industrial project blossom everywhere, big and complete, small and complete situation. Damage to the economy in the space of contact on the other hand, will further weaken the market in Economic activity Regulation of. By Richard (Richarson) point of view is: "it is important to see, even in the industry is not highly developed area, space Structure There are also in a weak form." As can be seen, the Lu's big economic spatial development is reduced to a specific small regional economic space, the growth pole more specific to a point, the space must also be a press Economic activity Contact space defined in this space, looking for Economic growth pole .
Secondly, in the less developed regions to foster growth in accordance with the urban hierarchy system of planning. Harry Richardson think: advanced industrialized countries growth will undoubtedly contain growth Industry , but simply said, the basic idea behind the growth point is, by human activities, especially the Economic activity The space will exist in some kind of order and rules. We can find one or a few dominant node or control center in each region, the growth rate and its function will become an important regional expansion rate of volume. The influence degree of these nodes are not equal in the whole region. When the diffusion effect and backwash effect balance, regional growth with the advantage and increase node. In this space Order And the rules can be seen as the urban hierarchy system in existence, the diffusion of all kinds of resources from the core towards fringe is through Urban system To complete the. But note that should avoid excessive development, the formation of repeated construction; must pay attention to new projects with the original Industry The link between, to be able to form a relatively complete Industry chain Note the growth pole; establishment to form a system can and national, regional level, and the vast rural areas have a strong connection.
Third, to improve the government management ability, strengthen the construction of regional infrastructure. Infrastructure is the basic of regional economic development, investment, benefit is slow, the realization of all Private investment Unlikely. Moreover, the improvement of infrastructure can form Scale economy And agglomeration economy, create a good Regional investment environment . If Infrastructure construction Behind the industry, supporting facilities can not keep up, industrial development will not support background development, thereby impeding industrial development. Therefore, the government should enhance the management ability, development Regional economic We should strengthen the Infrastructure construction Start.
The growth pole of natural growth pole and artificial growth pole, has the developed area is the natural growth pole, the less developed regions and countries will need to policy makers Public investment , enough investment on infrastructure, create growth point. If you choose the right, the rate of expansion in the future will be self forming, presents the characteristic of natural growth; planning well point of growth is a natural growth potential, and is not well planned growth will depend on the amount of Public investment While the survival. Therefore, to consider the establishment of regional growth pole Regional economic Requirements, formulate to accord with the situation of regional development policy and regional development goals. As in western developed countries, the most significant regional disparity in Italy. In order to Rome To the south of Italy as the dividing line, divided into North and south two areas. The larger economic development gap between the north and the south area Southern Region Large population flows to the north. In order to narrow the economic gap between the north and the south, contain the labor force outflow, the government of Italy has long given great support to the economic development of southern area. Build traffic trunk, Port , utilities and other infrastructure, encourage and direct investment in the southern region, industrial development. After the post-war decades efforts, a great development of economy in the south, but compared with the north area are still a big gap. As Hirshman said: "only to compensate for the economic gap between regions in the public investment policy, one method is to provide the infrastructure as well as the more developed regions to backward area. However, this is the most effective method is not generated growth, because of the lack of enough business relationship, while also need some Infrastructure investment However, the most fundamental mission is to support the existing backward areas, actively promote the role of Economic activity ."
To sum up, by Perroux's point of view, the regional growth pole of the first type is determined to promote Industry The establishment of. In order to promote the formation of the growth pole, should be committed to the development of enterprises and to promote the enterprise dominant Industry Complex. To promote enterprise and Industry Complex through Technological innovation Activities, promote and drive Regional economic Rapid growth. As the growth pole of the propulsion type Industry It is pointed out that die industry, it has a domestic and international market, Innovation Strong ability. While Innovation Is to produce The polarization effect Dynamic, innovative activities not only to individual enterprises to obtain the improvement of production efficiency, but also through innovation have a significant impact on the local and surrounding areas.
From a technical point of view, the growth pole. Technological innovation Activities of the enterprise growth rate of output, investment return rate is much higher than the backward enterprises of the same area, causing the other enterprise learning and imitation from the society; Structure Look, innovation make social values, the existing patterns of behavior and organizational structure is more likely to change oriented toward change, to adapt to the innovation, and become the basis for innovation activities the next; from a social psychological perspective, innovation to strengthen the social enterprising awareness, and promote the surrounding area labor to change their enter the growth center comparative disadvantages and strive to improve their quality.
In the developed regions, due to Industrial structure And City system Mature, complete with Industrial Relations And spatial relationships, technology and human Capital Intensive, agglomeration effect and The scale effect Obviously, the growth pole is easy to form. Less developed regions rich in natural resources, but the level of productivity is not high Industrial structure And the city system is incomplete, backward technology, lack of talent, is the introduction of need also founded industrial linkages and spatial linkage system, introduction and perfection Industrial Relations The relationship between structure and space. The government should play a dynamic role, strengthen infrastructure construction, to break the narrow and closed state of development, the formation of a no administrative boundaries of economic space, foster a The factors of production Free flowing Regional economic Environment, combined with the current technology, selection of appropriate growth poles and the corresponding technical level and scale, accelerate push type Industry Agglomeration effects to form fast, drive the development of regional economy.